Osteoarthritis is a slowly progressive joint disease characterized by breakdown of joint cartilage (the tissue lining the end of the bone in a joint space) due to mechanical stress or biochemical changes in the body. This results in degeneration of the affected joints of the joints characterized by bony changes in the joint, deterioration of tendons and ligaments and occasionally some inflammation. OA can affect the spine, the weight bearing joints such as hips and knees, as well as the joints of hands and feet. Some risk factors for OA include older age, obesity, having family members with OA, previous trauma or repetitive use of a joint, previous deformity of a joint. If left untreated, Osteoarthritis can cause chronic pain and significantly impact quality of life.
Here at Southland Rheumatology Center, our board certified rheumatologist, and her experienced team of licensed clinicians, will provide you with an individualized treatment plan for Osteoarthritis, utilizing a multimodal approach that includes effective targeted medicine combined with an integrated approach of pain relieving techniques, dietary modification and supplements, as well as physical therapy when applicable. This will be done after a thorough evaluation of your medical history, physical examination, and with the use of state of the art diagnostic blood tests and imaging technology. Reach out to Southland Rheumatology Center and schedule your first appointment with us today.
Osteoarthritis is a disease that affects the joints, and it primarily causes the cartilage that exists between your bones and the joints themselves to wear down. This results in serious inflammation in the affected bones, initiating a vicious cycle wherein your joints become more stressed and break down further. Ultimately, the bone underneath the affected joint can fail.
Osteoarthritis is typically found in the joints of the hands, hips, knees, and spine. The most common symptoms include the following:
Osteoarthritis is more prevalent in older adults and can coexist with other types of arthritis, including rheumatoid arthritis and gout.
Treating osteoarthritis mostly comes down to managing your symptoms of pain, discomfort, and loss of mobility. Certain treatment options can help you to restore the function of your affected joint, including the following:
In some severe cases where significant damage has been done, surgical replacement of the affected joint may become necessary. Dr. Nayak and her team will work closely with you and listen to you to determine the best course of action to treat you based on your individual needs.
Middle-aged and older adults are at a particularly high risk for osteoarthritis, especially if they are overweight.
Yes! Physical therapy is an absolute essential part of your recovery, as much as any other part of your treatment plan. Our is here to collaborate with your rheumatologist and offer you tailor-made care at every step of the way.
While rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis both affect your joints, rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder with roots in your immune system, while osteoarthritis is primarily about the degeneration of your joints themselves.